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Peacock Facts : 20 Facts To Know About Peacock

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Peacock facts – Who doesn’t know peacock bird? A very great bird which has beautiful long and shiny tail feathers, especially when opened. Child, young, old, and alike – everyone will love to see a peacock showing off their most admirable asset.

Peacock belongs to the pheasant family of birds, mostly found in Asia and are among the most beautiful birds in the world. There is no other bird comes close to the peacock’s extravagant tail.

It cannot be denied anymore that it is such a fortune when you are able to see a peacock dance and show off their attractive tail feathers, usually called train. So, no wonder if the India is so proud to have this colorful bird as its National Bird.

Here are some peacock facts and peacock information that will give you more insight about this super amazing bird.

  1. Peacock refers to the male bird

The actual name for the family of birds is ‘peafowl’. A peacock is the name to refer male peafowl. Then, the female bird is called ‘peahen’, and the name of peafowl babies is ‘peachicks’.

  1. There are 3 species of peafowl

Indian Peacock
Indian Peacock


Male Green Peafowl
Green Peacock


Congo Peacock
Congo Peacock

This is the other peacock facts. Peafowl is classified into 3 species, so there are also 3 species of peacock. Those are Indian peacock, Green peacock, and Congo peacock. From those species, there are still divided into several subspecies. According to some bird lovers, the most popular one is the white peacock.

  1. Peacock habitat and distribution

Peacock birds are ground-dwelling that prefer living in the forests, farmlands, or warm regions with some low trees around. Most of them are naturally found in India, Burma, and Sri Lanka. Other regions have captured peacocks to increase their population.

  1. The white peacock fact

Commonly known for their colorful feathers, the white peacock is manually chosen to breed selectively.  It is gene mutation that causes the birds to lose their pigmentation which turns them into white peafowl. But notice that they are not albinos. The gene mutation results in the peacock color which has no color.

  1. Peacock facts about their coloration

Everyone knows that peacock colors are vary. The colors in the peacock feathers are the result of the presence of various crystalline structures which are microscopic in nature. Those crystal like structures reflect light and bring about the fluorescent look to the feathers. The other species that use the same method are butterflies and humming birds.

Although peacock appears bright in color, it is not as bright as it looks actually. In fact, peacocks are brown in colors, and their color often changes due to the reflection of light which is still a secret of their exquisitely colorful feathers. When the light strikes from different angles, every section of peacock’s feather will change. This is one of special facts about peacock.

  1. Peacock are born without fancy train

When hatching, the male birds are very ordinary. When young, they look like their mother. Then, after 6 months, the males begin to look different. After 3 years, the feathers grow and the tail feathers can grow as long as 6 feet.

  1. Peacock can fly

Flying peacock
Flying Peacock

Peacock is also a flying bird. They can fly but only for limited distances. They prefer staying on the land to look for some food. They only fly when they want to avoid the predators by roost in the branch to sleep through the night. When you see a peacock flying in the sky with their massive tails, it looks like seeing a passing rainbow.

  1. Peacock cannot swim

Unlike duck or other birds, peacock cannot swim. Their feet are meant to hold on the land firmly. Besides, they don’t have the presence of webbed skin between their toes like duck. Their feathers provide no help in swimming.

  1. Peacocks are omnivores

What do peacocks eat? As an omnivorous bird, peacock can eat everything they can eat. They mostly eat plants, fruits, seeds, insects, grains, everything. They are also happy eating small reptiles, amphibians, and small rodents. They feed almost on any edible item,  no matter whether it is an animal or plant source.

  1. Peacock lifespan

Peacocks that live in the native habitat are at constant risk from different predators and harsh weather. As a result, their overall lifespan to about 20 years. However, the peacock live in the captivity tend to live for as long as 40 years.

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  1. Peacock facts about their sound

Peacock is one of the loudest creatures in the earth. They usually make calls, even are able to make 11 different calls. They enjoy calling out in the early mornings and late evenings as a means of communicating with one another. During the mating season, peacocks are singing to impress and attract the females. Then, in the wild they usually call as the alarm of danger.

  1. Peacocks are snake catchers

The best fighter when it comes to fighting with snakes is a peacock. They prey not only on young snakes including the venomous ones, but also don’t let the snakes enter their territory. This is why many people are interested in this bird. It is not only because of their beauty, but also their ability to keep their area safe.

  1. Peacocks are polygamous

Peacock mates with more than one female. During the breeding season, they mate with multiple peahens. The owner usually place one peacock in a pen with four up to 5 peahens.

  1. Can a peacock live alone?

No, he cannot. Peacocks are not solitary birds. They do get very sad and lonely when have no friends. Even, they will let out unpleasant sounds to express their grief and anguish when they are alone.

  1. How peacock protect themselves from predators?

In order to save themselves from predators, peacocks will stay put on trees, sometimes for days. Tigers, cats, mongoose, wolves and other carnivores in the wild do prey on peacocks.

  1. The cultural importance of peacock

One of peacock facts that not everyone know is they are the national bird of India. They also stand for compassion, knowledge, benevolence, and kindness in Hinduism. The Hindus consider peafowl sacred, and the spots of its tail tail tend to symbolize the God’s eyes.

  1. You don’t have to kill peacock for their beautiful feathers

Peacocks shed their exquisite train every year soon after the breeding season ends. So, you don’t havge to kill the beautiful bird to get the feathers. You can just gather the feathers without causing any harm to the bird.

  1. Mating and eggs

Male and female peacocks have different colors
Male and female peafowl

When it comes to choosing a mate, the peahen is the boss. No doubt that the male is indeed the prettier one, but when it comes to choose the mate, the females are the only ones that have right to reject or accept the suitor. The female then will form a nest and lay 3-6 eggs at a time. They hatch in a month’s time and stay with the hen till they grow up. For hatching egg method, there are actually more ways. You can see the detail in peacock egg.

  1. The peachicks fact

Peachicks weigh about 103 gr at the time of birth and is difficult to determine the gender. They grow up quickly and can walk around independently. They will learn to fly after a few months. Then, the male’s beautiful train will start developing after the age of three years.

  1. Conservation status

Although the peacock numbers are reducing, two of the peacock species are not in endangered status The Indian peafowl is not an endangered bird. Then, Congo peafowl is now present in the vulnerable list of species. But one of them is in an endangered status. It is Green peafowl.

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